**** SECTION 1 - CHEMICAL PRODUCT AND COMPANY IDENTIFICATION ****
MSDS Name: Lead
L18 500, L18-500, L18500, L246 500, L246-500, L246500, L27 1LB, L27-1LB,
L271LB, S719571, NC9657609, XXL24625KG
Company Identification: Biochemical Sciences, Inc.
200 Commodore Drive
Swedesboro, NJ 08085
For information, call: 800-524-0294
Emergency Number: 800-524-0294
For CHEMTREC assistance, call: 800-424-9300
For International CHEMTREC assistance, call: 703-527-3887
**** SECTION 2 - COMPOSITION, INFORMATION ON INGREDIENTS ****
| CAS# | Chemical Name | % | EINECS# |
| 7439-92-1 |LEAD | 99.8 | 231-100-4 |
Hazard Symbols: T
Risk Phrases: 20/22 33 61 62
**** SECTION 3 - HAZARDS IDENTIFICATION ****
Harmful by inhalation and if swallowed. Danger of cumulative
effects. May cause harm to the unborn child. Possible risk of
impaired fertility.Dangerous to the environment.
Potential Health Effects
Causes eye irritation.
Causes skin irritation. May be absorbed through the skin.
Causes gastrointestinal irritation with nausea, vomiting and
diarrhea. Ingestion of lead compounds can cause toxic effects in the
blood-forming organs, kidneys and central nervous system, Symptoms
of lead poisoning or plumbism include weakness, weight loss,
lassitude, insomnia, and hypotension. It also includes constipation,
anorexia, abdominal discomfort and colic.
May cause respiratory tract irritation. Inhalation of fumes may
cause metal fume fever, which is characterized by flu-like symptoms
with metallic taste, fever, chills, cough, weakness, chest pain,
muscle pain and increased white blood cell count. May cause effects
similar to those described for ingestion.
Chronic exposure may cause reproductive disorders and teratogenic
effects. Chronic exposure to lead may result in plumbism which is
characterized by lead line in gum, headache, muscle weakness, mental
**** SECTION 4 - FIRST AID MEASURES ****
Flush eyes with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes,
occasionally lifting the upper and lower eyelids. Get medical aid.
Get medical aid. Immediately flush skin with plenty of soap and
water for at least 15 minutes while removing contaminated clothing
and shoes. Discard contaminated clothing in a manner which limits
Get medical aid immediately. Do NOT induce vomiting. If conscious
and alert, rinse mouth and drink 2-4 cupfuls of milk or water.
Remove from exposure to fresh air immediately. If not breathing,
give artificial respiration. If breathing is difficult, give oxygen.
Get medical aid.
Notes to Physician:
The use of Dimercaprol or BAL (British Anti-Lewisite) as a chelating
agent should be determined by qualified medical personnel. The use of
d-Penicillamine as a chelating agent should be determined by
qualified medical personnel. The use of Calcium disodium EDTA as a
chelating agent should be determined by qualified medical personnel.
**** SECTION 5 - FIRE FIGHTING MEASURES ****
As in any fire, wear a self-contained breathing apparatus in
pressure-demand, MSHA/NIOSH (approved or equivalent), and full
protective gear. During a fire, irritating and highly toxic gases
may be generated by thermal decomposition or combustion. Use
extinguishing media appropriate to the surrounding fire. Substance is
noncombustible. Dust can be an explosion hazard when exposed to heat
For small fires, use water spray, dry chemical, carbon dioxide or
chemical foam. Substance is noncombustible; use agent most
appropriate to extinguish surrounding fire.
**** SECTION 6 - ACCIDENTAL RELEASE MEASURES ****
General Information: Use proper personal protective equipment as indicated
in Section 8.
Vacuum or sweep up material and place into a suitable disposal
container. Clean up spills immediately, observing precautions in the
Protective Equipment section. Avoid generating dusty conditions.
**** SECTION 7 - HANDLING and STORAGE ****
Wash thoroughly after handling. Wash hands before eating. Remove
contaminated clothing and wash before reuse. Use with adequate
ventilation. Minimize dust generation and accumulation. Avoid
contact with eyes, skin, and clothing. Avoid ingestion and
inhalation. Wash clothing before reuse.
Store in a cool, dry place. Keep from contact with oxidizing
materials. Keep containers tightly closed.
**** SECTION 8 - EXPOSURE CONTROLS, PERSONAL PROTECTION ****
Facilities storing or utilizing this material should be equipped
with an eyewash facility and a safety shower. Use adequate general or
local exhaust ventilation to keep airborne concentrations below the
permissible exposure limits.
Personal Protective Equipment
Wear appropriate protective eyeglasses or chemical
safety goggles as described by OSHA's eye and face
protection regulations in 29 CFR 1910.133 or European
Wear appropriate protective gloves and clothing to
prevent skin exposure.
Wear appropriate protective clothing to prevent skin
Follow the OSHA respirator regulations found in 29CFR
1910.134 or European Standard EN 149. Always use a
NIOSH or European Standard EN 149 approved respirator
**** SECTION 9 - PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL PROPERTIES ****
Physical State: Solid
Appearance: bluish white, silvery gray
Odor: none reported
pH: Not applicable.
Vapor Pressure: 1.3 mm Hg @ 970C
Vapor Density: Not available.
Evaporation Rate: Not applicable.
Viscosity: Not applicable.
Boiling Point: 1740 deg C
Freezing/Melting Point: 327.4 deg C
Autoignition Temperature: Not available.
Flash Point: Not available.
Explosion Limits, lower: Not available.
Explosion Limits, upper: Not available.
Decomposition Temperature: Not available.
Solubility: Insoluble in water.
Specific Gravity/Density: 11.3
Molecular Formula: Pb
Molecular Weight: 207.2
**** SECTION 10 - STABILITY AND REACTIVITY ****
Stable under normal temperatures and pressures.
Conditions to Avoid:
Dust generation, excess heat, strong oxidants.
Incompatibilities with Other Materials:
Strong oxidizing agents.
Hazardous Decomposition Products:
Hazardous Polymerization: Has not been reported.
**** SECTION 11 - TOXICOLOGICAL INFORMATION ****
CAS# 7439-92-1: OF7525000
ACGIH: A3 - animal carcinogen
California: carcinogen; initial date 10/1/92
OSHA: Possible Select carcinogen
IARC: Group 2B carcinogen
There are several reports that certain lead compounds administered to
animals in high doses are carcinogenic, primarily producing renal
tumors. Salts demonstrating carcinogenicity in animals are usually
soluble salts. Epidemiological studies have not shown a relationship
between lead exposure and the incidence of cancer in lead workers.
However, one study of lead-exposed workers demonstrated a
statistically significant elevation in the standardized mortality
ratio for gastric and lung cancer in battery plant workers only.
Lead penetrates the placental barrier and has caused fetal
abnormalities in animals. Excesssive exposure to lead during
pregnancy has caused neurological disorders in infants.
Reproductive effects from lead have been documented in animals and
human beings of both sexes. In battery workmen with a mean exposure
of 8.5 years to lead, there was an increased frequency of sperm
abnormalities as compared with a control group.
Subtle neurologic effects have been demonstrated with relatively low
blood levels of lead. The performance of lead workers on various
neurophysiological tests was mildly reduced when compared with a
control group. Anxiety, depression, poor concentration,
forgetfulness, mild reductions in motor and sensory nerve conduction
velociities have been documented in lead-exposed workers.
No data available.
No data available.
**** SECTION 12 - ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION ****
LC50 Japanese quail (Coturnix japonica), males or females, 14 days
old, oral (5-day adlibitum in diet) >5,000 ppm; at 1000, 2236 & 5000
onset of toxic signs began at 7, 7 & 7 days and remissed at 11, 11 &
12 days, respectively, no mortality was observed; control references
were dieldrin & dicrotophos; corn oil diluent was added to diet at
ratio of 2:98 by wt; (extreme concentrations: 1,000-5,000 ppm) /Lead
For more information, see "HANDBOOK OF ENVIRONMENTAL FATE AND
**** SECTION 13 - DISPOSAL CONSIDERATIONS ****
Dispose of in a manner consistent with federal, state, and local regulations.
**** SECTION 14 - TRANSPORT INFORMATION ****
Shipping Name: RQ, ENVIRONMENTALLY HAZARDOUS SUBSTANCE,
SOLID, N.O.S. (CONTAINS LEAD SHOT)
Hazard Class: 9
UN Number: UN3077
Packing Group: III
No information available.
**** SECTION 15 - REGULATORY INFORMATION ****
CAS# 7439-92-1 is listed on the TSCA inventory.
This material does not contain any Class 2 Ozone depletors.
Clean Water Act:
None of the chemicals in this product are listed as Hazardous
Substances under the CWA.
CAS# 7439-92-1 is listed as a Priority Pollutant under the Clean
CAS# 7439-92-1 is listed as a Toxic Pollutant under the Clean Water
None of the chemicals in this product are considered highly hazardous
LEAD can be found on the following state right to know lists:
California, New Jersey, Florida, Pennsylvania, Minnesota,
The following statement(s) is(are) made in order to comply with
the California Safe Drinking Water Act:
WARNING: This product contains LEAD, a chemical known to the state of
California to cause cancer.
WARNING: This product contains LEAD, a chemical known to the state
of California to cause birth defects or other reproductive harm.
California No Significant Risk Level:
CAS# 7439-92-1: NOEL = 0.5 ug/day
European Labeling in Accordance with EC Directives
Hazard Symbols: T
R 20/22 Harmful by inhalation and if swallowed.
R 33 Danger of cumulative effects.
R 61 May cause harm to the unborn child.
R 62 Possible risk of impaired fertility.
WGK (Water Danger/Protection)
CAS# 7439-92-1: No information available.
United Kingdom Occupational Exposure Limits
CAS# 7439-92-1 is listed on Canada's DSL List.
CAS# 7439-92-1 is listed on Canada's Ingredient Disclosure List.
CAS# 7439-92-1: OEL-FRANCE:TWA 150 mg/m3
OEL-GERMANY:TWA 0.1 mg/m3
OEL-POLAND:TWA 0.05 mg/m3
**** SECTION 16 - ADDITIONAL INFORMATION ****
MSDS Creation Date: 4/29/1999 Revision #2 Date: 8/02/2000
The information above is believed to be accurate and represents the best
information currently available to us. However, we make no warranty of
merchantability or any other warranty, express or implied, with respect to
such information, and we assume no liability resulting from its use. Users
should make their own investigations to determine the suitability of the
information for their particular purposes. In no way shall the company be
liable for any claims, losses, or damages of any third party or for lost
profits or any special, indirect, incidental, consequential or exemplary
damages, howsoever arising, even if the company has been advised of
the possibility of such damages.