SAFETY DATA SHEET
**** SECTION 1 - IDENTIFICATION
Material Name: Cadmium
Company Identification: ACI ALLOYS INC
1458 Seareel Place
San Jose, CA 95131
For information, call: 408-259-7337
For CHEMTREC assistance, call: 800-424-9300
For International CHEMTREC assistance, call: 703-527-3887
**** SECTION 2 - HAZARDS IDENTIFICATION ****
Highly flammable. Toxic if swallowed. Very toxic by inhalation. May
cause cancer.Cancer suspect agent.Air sensitive.
Potential Health Effects
Causes eye irritation.
Causes skin irritation.
Harmful if swallowed. May cause gastrointestinal irritation with
nausea, vomiting and diarrhea. Ingestion may produce fluid loss,
acute renal failure, and cardiopulmonary depression.
May be fatal if inhaled. Inhalation of fumes may cause metal fume
fever, which is characterized by flu-like symptoms with metallic
taste, fever, chills, cough, weakness, chest pain, muscle pain and
increased white blood cell count. Damage may be delayed. May cause
nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, diarrhea, chest tightness,
weakness, and delayed pulmonary edema. In humans inhalation causes
proteinuria, an excess of protein in the urine.
May cause respiratory tract cancer. Repeated inhalation may cause
chronic bronchitis. Chronic inhalation may cause nasal septum
ulceration and perforation. Cadmium and compounds may cause lung,
liver and kidney damage and lung and prostrate cancer in humans. May
cause loss of smell, emphysema, anemia, bone demineralization, and
**** SECTION 3 - COMPOSITION, INFORMATION ON INGREDIENTS ****
Hazard Symbols: T + F
Risk Phrases: 11/25/26/45
SECTION 4 - FIRST AID MEASURES ****
Immediately flush eyes with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes,
occasionally lifting the upper and lower eyelids. Get medical aid.
Get medical aid. Flush skin with plenty of soap and water for at
least 15 minutes while removing contaminated clothing and shoes. Wash
clothing before reuse.
Do NOT induce vomiting. If victim is conscious and alert, give 2-4
cupfuls of milk or water. Never give anything by mouth to an
unconscious person. Get medical aid immediately.
Get medical aid immediately. Remove from exposure to fresh air
immediately. If breathing is difficult, give oxygen. Do NOT use
mouth-to-mouth resuscitation. If breathing has ceased apply
artificial respiration using oxygen and a suitable mechanical device
such as a bag and a mask.
Notes to Physician:
Blood cadmium levels are not indicative of exposure. Administration
of Calcium Disodium EDTA may be useful in acute poisoning with its
use at the discretion of qualified medical personnel. Persons with
kidney disease, chronic respiratory disease, liver disease, or skin
disease may be at increased risk from exposure to this substance.
**** SECTION 5 - FIRE FIGHTING MEASURES ****
As in any fire, wear a self-contained breathing apparatus in
pressure-demand, MSHA/NIOSH (approved or equivalent), and full
protective gear. Dust can be an explosion hazard when exposed to
heat or flame. Flammable solid. May burn rapidly with flare burning
effect. May re-ignite after fire is extinguished. Dangerous fire
hazard in the form of dust when exposed to heat or flame.
Do NOT use water directly on fire. Use dry chemical to fight fire.
Cool containers with flooding quantities of water until well after
fire is out.
**** SECTION 6 - ACCIDENTAL RELEASE MEASURES ****
General Information: Use proper personal protective equipment as indicated in Section 8.
Vacuum or sweep up material and place into a suitable disposal container. Avoid generating dusty conditions.
**** SECTION 7 - HANDLING and STORAGE ****
Use with adequate ventilation. Minimize dust generation and accumulation. Avoid contact with skin and eyes. Keep container tightly closed. Avoid ingestion and inhalation.
Keep away from sources of ignition. Keep from contact with oxidizing materials. Store in a cool, dry, well-ventilated area away from incompatible substances.
SECTION 8 - EXPOSURE CONTROLS, PERSONAL PROTECTION ****
Use explosion-proof ventilation equipment. Facilities storing or
utilizing this material should be equipped with an eyewash facility
and a safety shower. Use only under a chemical fume hood.
Wear appropriate protective eyeglasses or chemical
safety goggles as described by OSHA's eye and face
protection regulations in 29 CFR 1910.133 or European
Wear appropriate protective gloves to prevent skin
Wear appropriate protective clothing to prevent skin
A respiratory protection program that meets OSHA's 29
CFR :1910.134 and ANSI Z88.2 requirements or European
Standard EN 149 must be followed whenever workplace
conditions warrant a respirator's use.
**** SECTION 9 - PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL PROPERTIES ****
Physical State: Solid
Appearance: silver white
pH: Not available.
Vapor Pressure: 1 mm Hg @ 394 deg C
Vapor Density: Not available.
Evaporation Rate: Not applicable.
Viscosity: Not applicable.
Boiling Point: 765 deg C
Freezing/Melting Point: 321 deg C
Autoignition Temperature: Not available.
Flash Point: Not available.
Explosion Limits, lower: Not available.
Explosion Limits, upper: Not available.
Decomposition Temperature: Not available.
Specific Gravity/Density: 8.65 @ 25&C
Molecular Formula: Cd
Molecular Weight: 112.41
**** SECTION 10 - STABILITY AND REACTIVITY ****
Oxidizes when exposed to air. Easily tarnishes in moist air. Powder
or liquid is pyrophoric.
Conditions to Avoid:
Incompatible materials, ignition sources, dust generation, exposure
to air, excess heat.
Incompatibilities with Other Materials:
Air, nitric acid, hydrochloric acid, hydrazoic acid, nitryl fluoride,
ammonium nitrate, zinc, oxidizing agents, acids, hydrogen azide,
potassium, sulfur, selenium, tellurium, metals, carbonates, cyanides
(e.g. potassium cyanide, sodium cyanide), hydroxides, reducing agents
(strong, e.g. aluminum carbide, chlorosilane, hydrogen phosphide,
Hazardous Decomposition Products:
Nitrogen oxides, toxic cadmium oxide fumes.
Hazardous Polymerization: Has not been reported.
**** SECTION 11 - TOXICOLOGICAL INFORMATION ****
CAS# 7440-43-9: EU9800000
CAS# 7440-43-9: Inhalation, rat: LC50 = 25 mg/m3/30M; Oral, mouse:
LD50 = 890 mg/kg; Oral, rat: LD50 = 2330 mg/kg.
ACGIH: A2 - suspected human carcinogen (elemental)
California: carcinogen; initial date 10/1/87
NIOSH: occupational carcinogen
NTP: Known carcinogen
OSHA: Select carcinogen
IARC: Group 1 carcinogen
Occupational exposure to cadmium has been implicated in a significant
increase in prostate and respiratory tract cancer. There is evidence
of a significant excess of respiratory cancer deaths among a cohort
of cadmium production workers, and concluded that cadmium and its
compounds are potential carcinogens.
Oral, rat: TDLo = 155 mg/kg (male 13 week(s) pre-mating and female 13
week(s) pre-mating - 3 week(s) after conception) Effects on Newborn -
growth statistics (e.g.%, reduced weight gain) and Effects on Newborn
- behavioral.; Oral, rat: TDLo = 23 mg/kg (female 1-22 day(s) after
conception) Specific Developmental Abnormalities - blood and
lymphatic systems (including spleen and marrow).; Oral, mouse: TDLo
= 1700 mg/kg (female 8-12 day(s) after conception) Effects on
Newborn - viability index (e.g., # alive at day 4 per # born alive)
and Effects on Newborn - growth statis
Oral, rat: TDLo = 21500 ug/kg (multigenerations) Fertility -
pre-implantation mortality (e.g. reduction in number of implants per
female; total number of implants per corpora lutea).;
Intraperitoneal, rat: TDLo = 1124 ug/kg (male 1 day(s) pre-mating)
Paternal Effects - spermatogenesis (incl. genetic material, sperm
morphology, motility, and count).
No information available.
Micronucleus Test: Mouse, Embryo = 6 umol/L.; Cytogenetic Analysis:
Hamster, Ovary = 1 umol/L.
The long-term ingestion of water, beans and rice contaminated with
cadmium has been proposed as the probable cause of crippling
condition (itai-itai disease) among Japanese women who have had
multiple pregnancies. Characteristics of the disorder are: pain in
the back and joints, a waddly gait, osteomalacia, bone fractures,
and occasional fatal renal failure.
**** SECTION 12 - ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION ****
Fish: Rainbow trout: TLm = 30 ppm; 24 Hr; Hard waterFish: Striped
bass: LC50 = 0.001 ppm; 24-48 Hr; Static bioassayFish: Fathead
Minnow: TL50 = 7.2 ppm; 96 Hr; UnspecifiedFish: Bluegill/Sunfish:
LCO = 0.08 ppm; 96 Hr; Static bioassay (Hard water)
**** SECTION 13 - DISPOSAL CONSIDERATIONS ****
Dispose of in a manner consistent with federal, state, and local regulations.
**** SECTION 14 - TRANSPORT INFORMATION ****
Shipping Name: FLAMMABLE SOLID, INORGANIC, N.O.S.
Hazard Class: 4.1
UN Number: UN3178
Packing Group: III
Shipping Name: FLAMMABLE SOLID NOS (CADMIUM METAL)
Hazard Class: 4.1
UN Number: UN1325
**** SECTION 15 - REGULATORY INFORMATION ****
CAS# 7440-43-9 is listed on the TSCA inventory.
This material does not contain any Class 2 Ozone depletors.
Clean Water Act:
None of the chemicals in this product are listed as Hazardous
Substances under the CWA.
CAS# 7440-43-9 is listed as a Priority Pollutant under the Clean
CAS# 7440-43-9 is listed as a Toxic Pollutant under the Clean Water
None of the chemicals in this product are considered highly hazardous
Cadmium can be found on the following state right to know lists:
California, New Jersey, Florida, Pennsylvania, Minnesota,
The following statement(s) is(are) made in order to comply with
the California Safe Drinking Water Act:
WARNING: This product contains Cadmium, a chemical known to the state
of California to cause cancer.
WARNING: This product contains Cadmium, a chemical known to the
state of California to cause birth defects or other reproductive
California No Significant Risk Level:
CAS# 7440-43-9: inhalation: no significant risk level = 0.05
European Labeling in Accordance with EC Directives
Hazard Symbols: T+ F
R 11 Highly flammable.
R 25 Toxic if swallowed.
R 26 Very toxic by inhalation.
R 45 May cause cancer.
S 53 Avoid exposure - obtain special instructions
S 36/37/39 Wear suitable protective clothing, gloves
and eye/face protection.
S 45 In case of accident or if you feel unwell, seek
medical advice immediately (show the label where
WGK (Water Danger/Protection)
CAS# 7440-43-9: No information available.
United Kingdom Occupational Exposure Limits
CAS# 7440-43-9 is listed on Canada's DSL List.
CAS# 7440-43-9 is listed on Canada's Ingredient Disclosure List.
CAS# 7440-43-9: OEL-ARAB Republic of Egypt:TWA 0.05 mg/m3
OEL-AUSTRALIA:TWA 0.05 mg/m3
OEL-BELGIUM:TWA 0.05 mg/m3
OEL-CZECHOSLOVAKIA:TWA 0.05 mg/m3;STEL 0.1 mg/m3
OEL-DENMARK:TWA 0.01 mg/m3
OEL-FINLAND:TWA 0.02 mg/m3;Carcinogen
OEL-INDIA:TWA 0.05 mg/m3
OEL-JAPAN:TWA 0.05 mg/m3
OEL-THE NETHERLANDS:TWA 0.02 mg/m3;STEL 0.1 mg/m3
OEL-THE PHILIPPINES:TWA 0.2 mg/m3
OEL-RUSSIA:TWA 0.01 mg/m3;STEL 0.05 mg/m3
OEL-SWEDEN:TWA 0.02 mg/m3;Carcinogen
OEL-SWITZERLAND:TWA 0.05 mg/m3
OEL-THAILAND:TWA 0.2 mg/m3;STEL 0.5 mg/m3
OEL-TURKEY:TWA 0.2 mg/m3
OEL-UNITED KINGDOM:TWA 0.01 mg/m3
OEL IN BULGARIA, COLOMBIA, JORDAN, KOREA check ACGIH TLV
OEL IN NEW ZEALAND, SINGAPORE, VIETNAM check ACGI TLV
**** SECTION 16 - OTHER INFORMATION ****
The information above is believed to be accurate and represents the best information currently available to us. However, we make no warranty of merchantability or any other warranty, express or implied, with respect to such information, and we assume no liability resulting from its use. Users should make their own investigations to determine the suitability of the information for their particular purposes. In no way shall the company be liable for any claims, losses, or damages of any third party or for lost profits or any special, indirect, incidental, consequential or exemplary damages, howsoever arising, even if the company has been advised of the possibility of such damages.
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